|Republic of Angola|
Area 1,246,700 sq.km. Coastal state dominating Congo-DRC's and Zambia's trade routes to the Atlantic. Cabinda is an oil-rich coastal enclave to the north of the Congo River.
All population figures are estimates. No effective census for 40 years because of continual war.
Capital Luanda 2,665,000 (unofficially nearly 4 million). Other major cities: Huambo 250,000; Benguela 200,000. Urbanites 32%. Massive overcrowding in cities because of war refugees may have raised this to 60%.
Bantu 97.9%. 39 peoples, largest: Ovimbundu 4,970,000; Mbundu 2,690,000; Kongo(3) 1,866,000; Chokwe 664,000; Luvale 464,000; Ovambo(4) 438,000; Mbwela(3) 222,000; Nyemba 222,000; Lunda 178,000; Luchazi 155,000; Herero(3) 141,000; Mbunda 135,000; Nsongo 92,000; Yaka 80,000; Nyaneka 76,000.
Khoisan 0.6%. 8 peoples, largest: Kwadi 28,000; Kung 23,000; Hukwe 20,000.
Other 1.5%. Mixed race 139,000; Westerners 40,000, Pygmies 11,000.
Literacy Officially 42% (but more likely 27%). Official language Portuguese. All languages 42. Languages with Scriptures 12Bi 3NT 13por 5w.i.p.
Enormous potential rich and well watered agricultural land, diamonds, iron. Oil and diamond wealth is being squandered and pawned to fund the civil war. The infrastructure has collapsed and the population is almost completely dependent on food aid for survival. HDI 0.398; 160th/174. Public debt 294% of GNP. Income/person $270 (0.8% of USA).
A Portuguese colony for 450 years. Independence was won in 1975 after 15 years of warfare. The Marxist-oriented MPLA gained control of the government with Cuban military assistance. This rule was contested by the UNITA nationalist movement, initially supported by the West and by South Africa, in a civil war that has dragged on for over 25 years. The legacy of greed, power-seeking, revenge, mistrust and broken promises on both sides will take generations to heal. Renewed fierce fighting in 1999 left MPLA controlling the cities and UNITA much of the rural areas. Successive peace agreements and an expensive UN-supervised election have all failed.
The first President, a Marxist, vowed to eradicate Christianity within 20 years, there have been many incidents of repression and outright persecution of Christians. The harsh realities of war and the ideological collapse of Communism in the 1990s resulted in an easing of nearly all discrimination against Christians.
1 Continual war since 1962 has been devastating. The 25-year civil war has become an unscrupulous battle for power using aid programmes, NGOs and the suffering civilian population as weapons of war. Anti-personnel landmines outnumber the population, and by 1999 there were 100,000 amputees. Forced recruitment of young people is widespread. A large proportion of the rural population has fled to urban areas due to widespread famine. The psychological, social and spiritual wounds are even more harmful and long-lasting. Pray for:
c) Those seeking to alleviate suffering by clearing mines, rebuilding the infrastructure, homes, hospitals, schools and churches. In many areas the destruction is over 80%. Many agencies including WVI, TEAR Fund and a consortium of churches and agencies called Church Action in Angola are involved.
2 Luanda and other major cities have become the home of refugee populations living in squalid despair. Many orphaned or abandoned children struggle to survive; many victims of the war aggressively beg on the streets. Pray for churches and agencies seeking to alleviate their suffering.
3 Christians have suffered ostracism, abuse, discrimination and outright persecution for many decades. In the first ten years after independence there was intense persecution of Christians, dozens of pastors and thousands of believers were martyred or abducted, and many churches were deliberately destroyed. Many simple Christians kept the faith and witnessed. As a result, congregations have multiplied in both the UNITA and MPLA areas during the conflict. Services are packed, and despite their desperation and destitution hundreds of thousands have trusted in the Lord Jesus Christ. Pray that this growth may continue and lead to the total evangelization of the country.
5 The dearth of trained, godly leadership is the most critical problem limiting church growth and maturity. The results many leadership struggles, divisions, petty legalisms, compromise and condoned sin. Many are not free from all aspects of witchcraft. For years, little formal training could be given, but now there are seven Bible schools and four seminaries (Ecumenical, Evangelical [at Lubango, AEF, AME, AIM], Baptist and Catholic in Luanda). Pray for the provision of funds, buildings, libraries and, above all, godly teachers and for the effective spiritual growth and ministry of those trained.
a) Chaos has prevented a survey of needs. This is an urgent requirement, especially for Bible translation. There is ongoing translation work in five languages, but at least 21 are without either Scriptures or translators.
b) Specific peoples yet to be evangelized. Most are in the dry and isolated regions of the south and southwest bordering on Zambia (the Mashi/Mbwela, Mbukushu, Ngankala) and Namibia (Herero, Kwangali, Nyaneka and the various San peoples). The main missions with involvement are YWAM, SIM(AEF) and AME.
7 Young people and children are spiritually deprived both in and outside the churches. The Marxism exclusively propagated in earlier years is no longer taught, but the negative attitudes to religion still make any Christian witness difficult in schools, and have discouraged churches from running Sunday schools and youth groups. Pray for:
8 The life and witness of a depleted missionary force through the years of suffering was a good testimony. Pray for continued ministry within the churches by YWAM (33), MAF (22), AME (20), SIM (15), all Baptists (13), Brethren (9) and others. Pray that a new generation of missionaries may be raised up to reconstruct the country, restore health services, strengthen the Church and evangelize unreached peoples and areas. Pray for the provision of visas and for favour in the eyes of the government. Pray also for their safety and fruitfulness in these desperate and dangerous times.
a) The Bible Society is active and involved in development of Scriptures in nine languages, and new translations into Luchazi, Umbundu and Kongo. There is a great demand for Bibles, but deep poverty limits sales. There is no longer much hindrance to Bible importation or distribution. The Gideons are allowed to distribute NTs in hospitals, but not hotels, schools or prisons.
|| Top | Home | Pray Today | Prayer Resources | Updates | OW Team | Contact Us | Policy | Tech Support ||
The above information and prayer material is an excerpt from the full text of Operation World for today's date. To view the prayer calendar for the year click here. If you would like the material for other days in the prayer calendar, you can purchase Operation World (click here for more information). Operation World content © 2001 Patrick J. St. G. Johnstone. All Rights Reserved. See Policy for use and reproduction permissions. Published by Paternoster Lifestyle (an imprint of Paternoster Publishing). Web site development by Global Mapping International..