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People's Republic of China


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Area: 9,573,000 sq km

The third-largest state in the world, also containing the highest mountains and plateaus in the world. The climate and geography are extremely diverse, ranging from tropical in the south to sub-arctic in the north, from a highly industrialized and modern eastern seaboard to sparsely populated western deserts and mountain ranges. Hong Kong and Macau are integral parts of China, though their statistics are not included here; Taiwan’s status is debated. These three are handled separately.

Population: 1,330,584,783    Annual Growth: 0.63%

Capital: Beijing

Urbanites: 44.9%

HDI Rank: 92 of 182 (UN Human Development Reports 2009)


Peoples: 516 (83% unreached) All peoples
Unreached Peoples Prayer Card

Official language: Putonghua (Mandarin Chinese); local languages in the five Autonomous Regions. 15 regional mega-languages. There are an estimated 600 different spoken Han dialects, but one written language common to all    Languages: 296 All languages


Largest Religion: Non-religious

Religion               Pop %Ann Gr


Challenges for Prayer

Challenges of population growth afflict Chinese with sobering troubles both now and even more acutely in the future. Although restrictions and their implementation are loosening, effects of the grievous “one-child policy” on society continue to be severe. The Chinese perform in excess of 13 million abortions per year, now a widely accepted form of birth control, particularly sex-specific (female) abortions. Many infants, if not aborted, are abandoned or kidnapped and trafficked. Some children who are raised without siblings are unduly pampered, potentially creating a sub-culture of self-absorption and indulgence. Further complications include

a) Gender imbalance. The rising generation will pay perhaps the heaviest cost related to the one-child policy, with studies predicting 20-30 million men left single by the year 2020. In some areas, young men outnumber young women by 30-40%; rape, abductions, female slavery, incest, prostitution, widespread homosexuality and the rapid spread of AIDS could be the results.

b) Work force. Coming decades will see a significant decrease in young workers for certain sectors of industry and the military in particular.

c) Care for the elderly. With fewer children available to care for aging parents, and with changes in pensions provided by the state, the need for elder care in the coming generation will present a burden on Chinese society. Many elders are, as with young children, abandoned and left without sufficient care.
Pray for wise policies to be implemented that will stabilize the population.

     For an additional 5 Challenges for Prayer see Operation World book, CD-ROM, or DVD-ROM.

More Information

The Operation World book, CD-ROM, and DVD-ROM provide far more information and fuel for prayer for the people of China.