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Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia


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Area: 1,106,000 sq km

Fertile, mountain plateau surrounded by the drought-prone lowlands and deserts of the Red Sea coast; borders on Eritrea, Somalia, Kenya and Sudan. Landlocked since the secession of Eritrea.

Population: 84,975,606    Annual Growth: 2.62%

Capital: Addis Ababa

Urbanites: 17.6%

HDI Rank: 171 of 182 (UN Human Development Reports 2009)


Peoples: 116 (17% unreached) All peoples
Unreached Peoples Prayer Card

Official language: Amharic; majority of the population are able to speak it; English widely taught. Regional languages are very important    Languages: 88 All languages


Largest Religion: Christian

Religion               Pop %Ann Gr

Challenges for Prayer

AIDS is a major scourge of the nation; Ethiopia has the world’s fifth-highest number of people with HIV/AIDS. About one million have already died of the disease, and another two million have HIV. Over one million have been orphaned by AIDS-related deaths. Many ministries are meeting this call for love and mercy. From local churches (such as KHC and Lutherans) to foreign agencies (SIM, Food for the Hungry) to other ministries (The Bible Society), Christians are working in education, prevention, counselling, home care and orphan ministry.

Foreign mission workers will never regain their pre-Marxist-revolution numbers or influence, but their role today is different. Lutheran and Pentecostal missions from the four Nordic nations have a long tradition of faithful service, as does SIM. The growing and maturing Church needs co-labourers and partners in areas such as training, Bible translation, reaching the last remaining unevangelized groups and especially in holistic ministry – health, agriculture, education and community development. The largest agencies are: SIM, Norwegian Lutheran Mission, Swedish Pentecostal Mission, Word for the World.

     For an additional 10 Challenges for Prayer see Operation World book, CD-ROM, or DVD-ROM.

More Information

The Operation World book, CD-ROM, and DVD-ROM provide far more information and fuel for prayer for the people of Ethiopia.