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Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia


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Area: 1,106,000 sq km

Fertile, mountain plateau surrounded by the drought-prone lowlands and deserts of the Red Sea coast; borders on Eritrea, Somalia, Kenya and Sudan. Landlocked since the secession of Eritrea.

Population: 84,975,606    Annual Growth: 2.62%

Capital: Addis Ababa

Urbanites: 17.6%

HDI Rank: 171 of 182 (UN Human Development Reports 2009)


Peoples: 116 (17% unreached) All peoples
Unreached Peoples Prayer Card

Official language: Amharic; majority of the population are able to speak it; English widely taught. Regional languages are very important    Languages: 88 All languages


Largest Religion: Christian

Religion               Pop %Ann Gr

Challenges for Prayer

The nation continues to be torn with social, political and economic crises:

a) Hostilities with neighbours Eritrea and Somalia cripple efforts to revive and modernize the country. The Eritrean war was immensely costly in money and lives for no real gain. Embroilment in the civil conflict in Somalia could become a huge expense.

b) Ethnic fragmentation remains a possibility. Regionalization brings greater autonomy to the major ethnic groups – Amhara, Tigrinya, Oromo, Somali and Afar. Some scenarios could see federal power break down and tribalism increase.

c) Corruption has increased with economic growth. The country’s resources are accumulating in the hands of a few. This is creating a widening gap between the multitudinous poor and the rich elite and is generating increasing resentment. Crime and corruption are becoming significant concerns for the nation.

Leadership training is identified as a major reason that the churches’ potential is unfulfilled. The majority of church leaders have one year or less of training. Leadership is not meeting the demands (neither in numbers nor in quality) placed on it by such rapid church growth. Pray for the following:

a) Post-graduate training at the Ethiopian Graduate School of Theology in Addis Ababa. Pray for the provision of theologians and teachers who are godly and steeped in the Scriptures. Pray for provision for students who wish to pursue studies.

b) Degree-level training – the Evangelical Theological College (KHC and SIM), Mekane Yesu Theological Seminary, Meserete Kristos College, the Pentecostal Bible College, Berhane Wongel Theological College, Trinity College and St. Paul’s (both Orthodox).

c) The numerous Bible schools across the country run by denominations, such as the 127 Amharic Bible schools (KHC) and Mekane Yesu with many more.

d) The network of evening and short-term Bible schools and TEE programmes around the country where many thousands of local leaders and evangelists are trained. The Berhan Media Ministry runs a widespread Bible Correspondence Course. Bible Training Centres for Pastors trains nearly 1,500 students as part of a TEE programme. Poverty and long distances make these programmes all the more essential.

     For an additional 10 Challenges for Prayer see Operation World book, CD-ROM, or DVD-ROM.

More Information

The Operation World book, CD-ROM, and DVD-ROM provide far more information and fuel for prayer for the people of Ethiopia.