Martinique
Department of Martinique
August 9
Americas


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GEOGRAPHY

Area 1,091 sq.km. A volcanic island – the most northerly of the Windward Islands, and 100km north of its sister island, Guadeloupe.

Population Ann.Gr. Density
2000 395,362 +0.86% 362 per sq. km.
2010 420,797 +0.57% 386 per sq. km.
2025 450,094 +0.38% 413 per sq. km.

Capital Fort-de-France 100,000.

PEOPLES

Afro-Caribbean (black and mixed) 94%.

Asian-Caribbean 2.3%. Mainly Tamil 7,000; also Chinese, Vietnamese.

French 2.7%. Including local land-owning Beke.

Other 1%. Syrian 500.

Literacy 93%. Official language French. A French Creole Patois is widely spoken.

ECONOMY

Based on sugar, bananas, manufacture of rum and tourism. Heavily dependent on French aid. Unemployment 27%. Public debt 4% of GNP. Income/person $10,000 (32% of USA).

POLITICS

A French possession since 1635. An overseas department of France since 1946. The land-owning Martinique French Beke still control much of the economy – more so than in Guadeloupe.

RELIGION

There is freedom of religion.

Religions Population % Adherents Ann.Gr.
Christian 91.60 362,152 +0.4%
non-Religious/other 7.10 28,000 +7.9%
Baha'i 0.50 1,977 +3.0%
Muslim 0.50 1,977 +5.5%
Hindu 0.30 1,186 +0.9%

Christians Denom. Affil.% ,000 Ann.Gr.
Protestant 13 9.53 38 +2.1%
Independent 5 0.35 1 +7.4%
Catholic 1 83.47 330 -1.2%
Marginal 1 2.28 9 +0.5%
Unaffiliated   6.09 24 n.a.
Doubly affiliated   -10.12 -40 n.a.

Churches MegaBloc Cong. Members Affiliates
Catholic C 47 188,571 330,000
Seventh-day Adventist P 59 12,353 20,000
Jehovah's Witnesses M 47 4,031 9,000
Miss Chrétienne Evang. P 29 4,336 6,200
Assembly of God P 25 2,100 4,200
Christian Brethren P 16 820 1,300
Other Independent [4] I 13 650 1,300
Ch of God (Cleveland) P 5 520 1,200
Indep Baptist P 10 570 850
Baptist Convention P 4 340 500
French Reformed P 1 170 300
Ch of the Nazarene P 6 180 250
New Apostolic I 1 40 64
Other denominations [5]   33 1,780 2,890
Doubly affiliated     -23,000 -40,000
Total Christians [21]   296 193,600 338,000

Trans-bloc Groupings pop. % ,000 Ann.Gr.
Evangelical 5.4 21 +1.6%
Charismatic 2.4 10 +2.5%
  Pentecostal 1.4 6 +2.7%

Missionaries from Martinique
P,I,A 5 in 3 agencies.

Missionaries to Martinique
P,I,A 4 in 2 agencies.



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Challenges for Prayer

1 Martinique has periodically suffered from major volcanic eruptions and earthquakes – in 1902 Mt. Pelée erupted killing 30,000. Pray that the population of this beautiful isle may see their basic instability and be shaken out of their carelessness to the things of God.

2 The churches. There are growing numbers of evangelical congregations among the Baptist (SBC), Assemblies of God and Mission Chrétienne Evangélique. Pray for the grounding of these churches in the Word, and the calling of young people into full-time service. Many Christians come from dysfunctional families and a background of immorality and drug abuse.

3 Christian literature. CLC operates a well-used bookstore which sells and lends books and tapes. Over 3,000 French Bibles are sold annually through the store. Pray that more local churches may see the value of Christian literature for spiritual growth and for evangelism.

4 There are 300,000 Guadeloupans and Martiniquans living in France, where they are known as Antilleans. They comprise a large minority in many Parisian evangelical churches. Pray for the witness of these believers. WT has established three churches amongst Antilleans in the Paris area.

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