Qatar
State of Qatar
September 22
Asia


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GEOGRAPHY

Area 11,400 sq.km. Arabian peninsular state that is almost entirely desert.

Population Ann.Gr. Density
2000 599,065 +1.80% 53 per sq. km.
2010 692,178 +1.37% 61 per sq. km.
2025 778,537 +0.47% 68 per sq. km.

Capital Doha 339,471. Urbanites 91%.

PEOPLES

The expatriate community makes up the majority of the population and is very difficult to accurately enumerate. Many Qatari citizens are of foreign extraction.

Arab 50%. Qatari 120,000; Other Arab (Egypt, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, etc.) 180,000.

South Asian 23%. Indian (esp. from Kerala) 108,000; Pakistani 100,000, Sri Lankan 18,000.

Persian 16%.

East Asian 7%. Filipino 36,000.

Other 4%. Caucasian 18,000.

Literacy 79%. Official Language Arabic. All languages 3. Languages with Scripture 2Bi.

ECONOMY

Petroleum products are 81% of exports. Qatar has some of the world's largest gas reserves. Oil wealth is used to diversify the economy. Qataris live in great wealth, but the Asians constitute an economic lower class. HDI 0.814; 41st/174. Income/person $16,160 (51% of USA).

POLITICS

Part of Turkish-Ottoman Empire until 1918. Under British protection until independence in 1971. The current Emir ousted his father in a bloodless coup in 1995. His foreign and domestic policies reflect a remarkably open and progressive attitude.

RELIGION

The strict Wahhabi form of Sunni Islam is the state religion. Proselytism of Muslims is forbidden, but expatriate Christians are allowed to practice their faith. Persecution index 23rd in the world.

Religions Population % Adherents Ann.Gr.
Muslim 79.43 475,837 -0.3%
Christian 10.47 62,722 +13.0%
Hindu 7.20 43,133 +17.6%
Buddhist 1.80 10,783 +10.4%
non-Religious/other 0.90 5,391 +2.9%
Baha'i 0.20 1,198 +1.8%

Christians Denom. Affil.% ,000 Ann.Gr.
Protestant 18 2.88 17 +17.7%
Independent 5 0.43 3 +23.7%
Anglican 1 0.87 5 +11.6%
Catholic 1 5.01 30 +10.8%
Orthodox 3 0.70 4 +7.0%
Marginal 5 0.58 4 +18.5%

Churches MegaBloc Cong. Members Affiliates
Catholic C 14 16,667 30,000
Protestant groups [12] P 30 5,500 11,000
Anglican A 4 1,200 5,200
Pentecostal groups [3] P 18 2,500 5,000
Orthodox [3] O 8 2,515 4,200
Marginal groups [5] M 5 2,188 3,500
Independent [5] I 5 1,625 2,600
Other denoms [3]   20 619 1,250
Total Christians [33]   104 32,814 62,750

Trans-bloc Groupings pop. % ,000 Ann.Gr.
Evangelical 2.5 15 +17.9%
Charismatic 1.9 11 +18.5%
  Pentecostal 0.8 5 +20.1%

Challenges for Prayer

1 There were no Qatari believers before 1985. Several have come to the Lord outside the country, but have suffered much for Him. Pray that they may become the nucleus of a Qatari Church.

2 Expatriates are drawn from many nations by the high earnings in Qatar but Christians are restricted in their witness because of the tight control of the authorities. Believers have long met together informally, but in 2000 the Emir granted land for a Christian compound to be built for the purpose of holding services. Pray that this development may foster unity and cooperation between the diverse groups of believers.

3 Christian impact on society. Pray that the small groups of believers among Indians, Pakistanis, Egyptians, Filipinos and Westerners may bear fruitful witness to their own communities. Pray also that there may be opportunities to share with non-Christians of all peoples in the country.

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