Jun 26: India, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh

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Republic of India


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Area: 3,166,000 sq km

A further 121,000 sq km of Kashmir, a contested area, is administered by Pakistan and China. Geographically and politically, India dominates South Asia and the Indian Ocean. There are 28 Union States and 7 Union Territories.

Population: 1,214,464,312    Annual Growth: 1.44%

Capital: Delhi

Urbanites: 30.1%

HDI Rank: 134 of 182 (UN Human Development Reports 2009)


Peoples: 2,533 (88% unreached) All peoples
Unreached Peoples Prayer Card

Official language: Constitutionally there are 22 official languages. The official language is Hindi (spoken by 40% of the population). English is a subsidiary official language    Languages: 456 All languages


Largest Religion: Hinduism

Religion               Pop %Ann Gr


Challenge for Prayer

The Church in India is highly diverse, has a long legacy and is, at the same time, vital and growing, and nominal and declining. Much of Indian Christianity is the result of people movements over the past 300 years, punctuated by local revivals. In many denominations, it remains in Western forms. Liberal theology, universalism and growing nominalism in the Church have dried up the spirit of outreach to the millions of non-Christians. Many congregations have no first-generation believers from a non-Christian background. Disputes over personalities, power and property have led to many divisions, court cases, widespread disillusionment and continuous loss of young people to materialism. At the same time, steady streams of Christians transfer from these groups to newer, more dynamic Independent churches. Pray that present pressures and the work of the Holy Spirit might bring new life to traditional forms of Christianity.

a) The Orthodox Churches are the oldest expressions of Christianity in India, tracing their heritage back to the tradition of the Apostle Thomas, who reputedly ministered and was martyred here in the 1st Century. Orthodox Christians number in their millions, and many denominations of other confessions are also heavily influenced by the Thomist tradition. These groups are rooted strongly in Kerala and southwest India.

b) Catholics represent the largest single body of Christians in India with nearly 20 million affiliates. They are known for their charitable work – most notably Mother Teresa’s legacy among the poorest of the poor and the more than 5,000 Catholic-run health-care facilities, comprising more than 20% of India’s total.

c) The need for change in the Church is urgent and has never been greater. Pray for:

     i Unity. The National United Christian Forum brings together the Catholic Bishops’ Forum, the National Council of Churches and the Evangelical Fellowship. The All India Christian Council serves Christians of all denominations, with over 5,000 agencies, NGOs, denominations and institutions working for human rights, social justice, religious freedom and protection of minorities. A spirit of divisiveness characterized the past; now, unity is greater than ever before, in part due to hostility from external forces. Pray for unity to mature and to endure. Greater cooperation and accountability are needed between local churches and sending agencies.

     ii Indigenization of Church culture, structure and expression – for too long, churches have relied on foreign cultural forms.

     iii Greater reliance on an Indian model of cell/house churches rather than on Western-style modes and places of worship.

     iv Effective discipling – through coordinated, collaborative efforts – of the many being impacted by any one of the multiple methods of evangelism. Many new believers come to faith through large rallies, healings or miracles, but opportunities are few for Christian instruction to strengthen and sustain them in their faith.

     v More relevance in impacting the mainstream of national life. The Church is seen as linked to the marginalized, deprived sections of society. Business, politics, arts, culture and the middle and upper classes – all shapers of Indian society – have not yet been impacted by the gospel.

     For an additional 14 Challenges for Prayer see Operation World book, CD-ROM, or DVD-ROM.

More Information

The Operation World book, CD-ROM, and DVD-ROM provide far more information and fuel for prayer for the people of India.



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Challenge for Prayer

Kerala has a diverse Christian scene. A multitude of ministries and denominations are based in or operate in this state, which comfortably has more Christians than any other state in India. The longstanding investment of Christians into the educational system has rendered Kerala the most literate and well-educated state in India as well as the most favourable for the status of women. Protestants include mainline, Brethren and Pentecostal groups, as well as burgeoning numbers of fast-growing Independent groups, usually from a charismatic background. There is notable tension between traditional mainline groups and emerging groups; theology, style of worship, caste-related issues and style of evangelism are all areas of significant differences. Pray for unity and sensitivity among churches, their shared commitment to have a good testimony to society and for God’s Kingdom to be placed ahead of their own interests.

     For an additional 3 Challenges for Prayer see Operation World book, CD-ROM, or DVD-ROM.

More Information

The Operation World book, CD-ROM, and DVD-ROM provide far more information and fuel for prayer for the people of Kerala.

Madhya Pradesh


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Challenge for Prayer

The challenge of the unreached – pray for the many needs of this state and for the timely and effective sharing of the gospel to each people group and in each area.

a) The tribal peoples in Madhya Pradesh, larger in number than anywhere else in the world, represent around 30% of India’s tribal population. They are a majority in the southern four districts, especially Bastar. There is now a burgeoning house church movement in many tribes through the labours of various agencies; the Oraon are now largely Christian. However, all represent a tough pioneer challenge. Most practice a Hindu-influenced animism. Witchcraft, Saktism (worship of female energy) and Saivism (worship of Shiva) abound.

b) The 12.4 million Gond are the largest tribe in India, and number around five million in Madhya Pradesh alone. In this state, only 0.4% are Christian. Over 30 mission agencies minister to them, and churches are multiplying despite local and statewide opposition.

c) The 11.9 million Bhil are India’s second-largest tribe. In Madhya Pradesh, they also number five million and are 0.6% Christian. As Hindus with animistic influence, they remain responsive to what outreach has come their way.

d) Bhopal, the state capital of MP, was the scene of the world’s worst-ever industrial accident, claiming 25,000 lives and poisoning the land for years to come. Tensions between Hindus and the large Muslim minority, high rates of poverty, illiteracy and crime in the 300-plus slums ringing the city and vulnerability of these same slums to flooding and disaster make Bhopal an area of concern. Christian work among the needy and those affected by the disaster has borne fruit and goodwill.

     For an additional 2 Challenges for Prayer see Operation World book, CD-ROM, or DVD-ROM.

More Information

The Operation World book, CD-ROM, and DVD-ROM provide far more information and fuel for prayer for the people of Madhya Pradesh.